- xvi, 268 pages ; 24 cm
- Additional Authors
- Gross, Michael L.,Meisels, Tamar,
- Contents: DEFINITIONS AND META VIEWS -- 1.Defining War / Jessica Wolfendale -- 2.Coercion, Manipulation, and Harm: Civilian Immunity and Soft War / Valerie Morkevicius -- ECONOMIC WARFARE -- 3.Reconsidering Economic Sanctions / Joy Gordon -- 4.Conditional Sale / Cecile Fabre -- CYBER WARFARE, MEDIA WARFARE, AND LAWFARE -- 5.State-Sponsored Hacktivism and the Rise of "Soft" War / George Lucas -- 6.Media Warfare, Propaganda, and the Law of War / Laurie R. Blank -- 7.The Ethics of Soft War on Today's Mediatized Battlespaces / Sebastian Kaempf -- 8.Abuse of Law on the Twenty-First-Century Battlefield: A Typology of Lawfare / Janina Dill -- NONVIOLENCE -- 9.Unarmed Bodyguards to the Rescue? The Ethics of Nonviolent Intervention / James Pattison -- 10.How Subversive Are Human Rights? Civil Subversion and the Ethics of Unarmed Resistance / Christopher J. Finlay -- 11.Bearers of Hope: On the Paradox of Nonviolent Action / Cheyney Ryan -- HOSTAGE TAKING AND PRISONERS -- 12.A Cooperative Globalist Approach to the Hostage Dilemma / Ariel Colonomos -- 13.Kidnapping and Extortion as Tactics of Soft War / Tamar Meisels -- CONCLUSION -- 14.Proportionate Self-Defense in Unarmed Conflict / Michael L. Gross.Summary: Just war theory focuses primarily on bodily harm, such as killing, maiming, and torture, while other harms are often largely overlooked. At the same time, contemporary international conflicts increasingly involve the use of unarmed tactics, employing 'softer' alternatives or supplements to kinetic power that have not been sufficiently addressed by the ethics of war or international law. Soft war tactics include cyber-warfare and economic sanctions, media warfare, and propaganda, as well as non-violent resistance as it plays out in civil disobedience, boycotts, and 'lawfare.' While the just war tradition has much to say about 'hard' war - bullets, bombs, and bayonets - it is virtually silent on the subject of 'soft' war. Soft War: The Ethics of Unarmed Conflict illuminates this neglected aspect of international conflict.