The current paper presents the reliability-based optimization of the location and feedback gains of active bar in a closed-loop control system for random smart truss structures under stationary random excitation. The mathematical model with reliability constraints on the root mean square value of the structural random dynamic displacement and stress response is developed based on maximization of dissipation energy due to the control action. The randomness of the structural physical materials, geometry, and damping are included in the analysis, and the applied forces are considered as stationary random excitation. The numerical characteristic corresponding to mean values and standard deviations of the stationary random responses of random smart structures is developed by the random factor method. Numerical examples of truss structures are presented to demonstrate the rationality and validity of the active control model.