- Description
- 1 online resource (789 pages)
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- 2.1.4 Process in Contact with Any Number of Temperature Reservoirs2.2 Open Systems; 2.3 Local Equilibrium; 2.4 Entropy Maximum and Energy Minimum; 2.5 Carathéodory's Two Axioms; 2.6 A Heat Transfer Man's Two Axioms; 2.7 History; References; Problems; Chapter 3 Entropy Generation, or Exergy Destruction; 3.1 Lost Available Work; 3.2 Cycles; 3.2.1 Heat Engine Cycles; 3.2.2 Refrigeration Cycles; 3.2.3 Heat Pump Cycles; 3.3 Nonflow Processes; 3.4 Steady-Flow Processes; 3.5 Mechanisms of Entropy Generation; 3.5.1 Heat Transfer across a Temperature Difference; 3.5.2 Flow with Friction; 3.5.3 Mixing.3.6 Entropy Generation Minimization3.6.1 The Method; 3.6.2 Tree-Shaped Fluid Flow; 3.6.3 Entropy Generation Number; References; Problems; Chapter 4 Single-Phase Systems; 4.1 Simple System; 4.2 Equilibrium Conditions; 4.3 The Fundamental Relation; 4.3.1 Energy Representation; 4.3.2 Entropy Representation; 4.3.3 Extensive Properties versus Intensive Properties; 4.3.4 The Euler Equation; 4.3.5 The Gibbs-Duhem Relation; 4.4 Legendre Transforms; 4.5 Relations between Thermodynamic Properties; 4.5.1 Maxwell's Relations; 4.5.2 Relations Measured during Special Processes; 4.5.3 Bridgman's Table.4.5.4 Jacobians in Thermodynamics4.6 Partial Molal Properties; 4.7 Ideal Gas Mixtures; 4.8 Real Gas Mixtures; References; Problems; Chapter 5 Exergy Analysis; 5.1 Nonflow Systems; 5.2 Flow Systems; 5.3 Generalized Exergy Analysis; 5.4 Air Conditioning; 5.4.1 Mixtures of Air and Water Vapor; 5.4.2 Total Flow Exergy of Humid Air; 5.4.3 Total Flow Exergy of Liquid Water; 5.4.4 Evaporative Cooling; References; Problems; Chapter 6 Multiphase Systems; 6.1 The Energy Minimum Principle; 6.1.1 The Energy Minimum; 6.1.2 The Enthalpy Minimum; 6.1.3 The Helmholtz Free-Energy Minimum.6.1.4 The Gibbs Free-Energy Minimum6.1.5 The Star Diagram; 6.2 The Stability of a Simple System; 6.2.1 Thermal Stability; 6.2.2 Mechanical Stability; 6.2.3 Chemical Stability; 6.3 The Continuity of the Vapor and Liquid States; 6.3.1 The Andrews Diagram and J. Thomson's Theory; 6.3.2 The van der Waals Equation of State; 6.3.3 Maxwell's Equal-Area Rule; 6.3.4 The Clapeyron Relation; 6.4 Phase Diagrams; 6.4.1 The Gibbs Phase Rule; 6.4.2 Single-Component Substances; 6.4.3 Two-Component Mixtures; 6.5 Corresponding States; 6.5.1 Compressibility Factor; 6.5.2 Analytical P(v, T) Equations of State.6.5.3 Calculation of Properties Based on P(v, T) and Specific Heat.Cover; Title Page; Copyright; Contents; Preface to the First Edition; Preface to the Second Edition; Preface to the Third Edition; Preface; Acknowledgments; Chapter 1 The First Law; 1.1 Terminology; 1.2 Closed Systems; 1.3 Work Transfer; 1.4 Heat Transfer; 1.5 Energy Change; 1.6 Open Systems; 1.7 History; References; Problems; Chapter 2 The Second Law; 2.1 Closed Systems; 2.1.1 Cycle in Contact with One Temperature Reservoir; 2.1.2 Cycle in Contact with Two Temperature Reservoirs; 2.1.3 Cycle in Contact with Any Number of Temperature Reservoirs.Includes bibliographical references and index.